Monday, 22 July 2013

SPM DIRECTED WRITING ARTICLE: ACCIDENTS:CAUSES AND HOW TO PREVENT THEM


Salam Sir, I'm Amirah Aqilah from PTD 22, KB. this is my second e-mail. somethings going on with my first e-mail, but i have read your message. thank you Sir for fixing my narrative essay. i really have a problem with my grammar. yeah i always mix the past and present. sorry Sir, i'll try to fix it. By the way, this is my article. Hopefully you can edit it and fix my grammar.

                                   Accidents:Causes  and How to prevent them
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   Lately, the issue on accidents often featured in the newspaper and hotly debated among the community. This is a serious problem as it has involved the loss of many lives. Thus, all parties must take further action to address this problem before it is too late. There are many factors that caused an accident to happen.

   One of the causes on accidents is the driver's attitudes. Some drivers are extremely impatients.They beat the red traffic light and do it without thinking their risk of losing their lives.They think that stopping at the red signal is wastage of time and fuel.The red light beaters  not only jeopardize their  lives  but also the safety of other road users. Other than that, the carelessness and recklessness of a driver also can cause an accident. Most of the young drivers usually drive while talking on phone, chatting, eating, joking or any other misbehaviours. They are not focussing  on the road and driving carefully.

   Besides that, many drivers do not take a good care of their vehicles condition. Most of the accidents due to vehicles that are not serviced regularly and not in proper condition such as brake does not work, broken signal lights, defective  clutches or leaking tires. Other causes are unsatisfactory roads and highway conditions. Maintainence of roads and highways not carried out regularly cause to uneven roads and potholes.The broken traffic light or signboards that cannot be read also the most dangerous that can lead to many innocent people die.

There are many ways and possible preventions to avoid this big problem. Firstly, drivers must try hard to change their attitudes and do regular services on their vehicles.Drivers supposed to check on vehicles before they start their journey and drive carefully on the roads. One must follow the traffic rules whenever he is in hurry or rush for works as a saying goes, "Better late than never".  The drivers should avoid talking on phone while driving or they should stop by the roadside to answer a call.

Furthermore, the regular enforcement by authorities are highly recommended as the best way to prevent accident.The Road transport and police must carry out their responsibility in this problem by suing the drivers that not follow the road rules and driving dangerously. Apart from that, the Government should pay more attention to the maintainence of roads and highways. The damaged roads or potholes must be repaired immediately to avoid a possible fatal accident.
 
   In a nut shell, accident is not a simple issue that can be ignored and avoid. Everyone must pay good attention to this problem and put the road laws ahead as an important priority  before start driving. Drive courteously and throw away the bad attitudes as casual attitudes about safety can result in a casualty.


AMIRAH AQILAH
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Accidents: Causes and How to Prevent Them
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   Nowadays, many tragic accidents happen everyday and everywhere and this situation is alarming.The rate of accidents keep on increasing from day to day not just in the cities but also in rural areas.These accidents  caused many people losing their families and loved ones. It is very tragic when we get news about accidents and innocent people die due to the faults committed by some reckless and inconsiderate drivers.Many people who lost their loved ones  are  in grief for a longer time and this is very pitiful.

The major cause of accident is speeding. Many reckless and inconsiderate drivers like to drive at high speed especially those who are driving heavy vehicles like lorries and express buses. Some of these drivers are very selfish and do not care about other road users.They simply speed up  on the road and highways and  they do not realize that their action may  harm other road users.If a driver is speeding and overtaking recklessly,it is highly risk that the vehicle may  skid,causing accident and probably deaths.They will ram  other cars from the opposite direction. There are also irresponsible drivers who drive at high speed and hit the red traffic light.Their unbecoming attitude is inconveniencing the  other road users and may cause death to innocent people.Most of the accidents happen  due to the driver’s fault. Some drivers are not in stable condition when they are driving.They are sleepy,tired and possibly drunk.Usually we can track these phenomema from the buses,lorries and other heavy vehicles drivers. They are sleepy and tired after driving for long hours  causing them  to lost their focus hence causing accidents and death.                              

Apart from that, vehicles which are not serviced for a long time may not be in the best condition to be on the road.A car which is not serviced may have problems like the brakes and clutches which cannot work efficiently and may cause accident. The bad condition of our  roads and highways is also another contributing factor which is causing accidents.The authorities take a longer time to repair the bad conditions of the roads thus many innocent motorists were trapped with potholes,uneven roads and landslides.

 I think there are many ways to  overcome accidents.Firstly,all drivers and motorcyclists must change their attitudes. They should follow all the traffic rules and speed limit. They should never drive or ride at high  speed and accelerate further at  traffic light when the light turns red.
They should give signal when they want to turn at the junction so that other drivers know where they are heading. If the drivers follow speed limit and not speeding, their journey will be safe and convenience the other road users.Next,the cars and vehicles must be serviced regularly to maintain their best condition. Failure to service the vehicles  may cause many technical problems and can injure the driver. The Works department(JKR) also must do maintenance of roads and repair damage on roads immediately before more accidents happen.Then, enforcement of traffic rules must be tighten.Officers from Road Ttransport Department and Police Traffic should always patrol and take action on any person who break the traffic rules.Heavier fines should  be imposed so that they will abide the traffic rules.Apart from that ,it is vital that the present ruling on licensing procedures to be changed.It is advisable to raise the minimum requirement for holding a valid licence from existing 17years to 21 years old.Usually motorcyclists and drivers who are 21years old and above are more matured and considerate.Thus we can cut down the  accidents rates.

In conclusion,majority of the accident cases begin from the drivers themselves. I think from now on, drivers should be more responsible and careful while driving vehicles. All people must take heed of ways to overcome accidents. I hope the rate of accidents will decrease as it is so sad to see many tears flowing especially losing their loved ones when accidents happen.We can change the situation.Let us behave nicely on the roads.

Mariam bte Adam
SMK Panji
Kota Bharu


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